What is Anglish?
The purpose of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from different tongues. Because of the fundamental modifications to our language, to say that English folks at this time speak Trendy English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The very fact is that we now speak a global language. The Anglish project is meant as a way of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.
The goal of the Anglish project differs from person to person, but principally it is to discover and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural wants, and but for others it is only an attention-grabbing diversion or pastime. Language performs a big role in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and form it to our own wants or wants may be very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive finish in itself, in as a lot as it provides an different outlet for this need.
But there’s also the further idea that Anglish is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of contemporary English. For, although it has borrowed 1000’s and thousands of words all through its life, there still exists a real English core to English, the most important on a regular basis words which no sentence or uttering might manage without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us better respect that core and the position it performs in our language.
The best way to find out the place a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most decent desktop dictionaries will include quick etymologies for many of their entries, which give a little knowledge of where the word arose from, and how it was used or written within the past. Some on-line dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such as the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are also dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The On-line Etymology Dictionary is probably the most effective available online.
But these will only inform from the place and when a word came into English, however not whether it needs to be thought ‘borrowed’. Some immensely old and very basic words, such as ‘cup’ and ‘mill’, are indeed borrowed from Latin, yet nobody would say these words should not English. Conversely, words like ‘thaumaturgy’ and ‘intelligentsia’ are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed relatively lately.
Where to draw the line between English and ‘borrowed’ is yet an other space of personal selecting, and there are numerous views on this among Anglish proponents. A very broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek in the final eight hundred years must be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was introduced into English to fill a real want or gap in vocabulary should be kept, however those words borrowed to «adorn» or «enrich» the language but in reality push out present words, should be weeded.
Are there really that many borrowed words in English?
Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from totally different languages during the last thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, but only about 25% of the words in English immediately derive from such a root, and that features those of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. That will sound like many, one in every 4 words, however not so much when one thinks that Latin and French every account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an other 6% of words, with the final 10% being from different languages, derived from personal names, or simply unknown.
Nevertheless, as mentioned earlier, the core of the English language still largely consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.
When a word is taken out from English, the place do replacement words come from?
There are numerous roots for words to replace these which have been removed from English. Sometimes, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like ‘quotidian’ and ‘illegal’ can simply be switched for ‘everyday’ and ‘unlawful’ without losing meaning or intelligibility. When there may be not a readily available English word for use, a new word must be found or made. Some old or obscure words could be brought back to life and reused; new words will be calqued from English morphemes utilizing the old word’s pattern; different times wholly new words, «neologisms,» can be put collectively from existing words and affixes. None of these strategies are proper or improper, but every has its stead in making a wide and assorted lexicon for Anglish, and each is used based on the context and particular wants of a word.